This page provides you with instructions on how to extract data from AppsFlyer and load it into Redshift. (If this manual process sounds onerous, check out Stitch, which can do all the heavy lifting for you in just a few clicks.)
What is AppsFlyer?
AppsFlyer is an attribution stack for mobile marketers. It lets businesses attribute every install of their apps to the marketing campaign and media source that drove that install. It also provides an analytics dashboard that shows which users engage with an app, how they use it, and how much revenue they generate.
What is Redshift?
When it was released in 2013, Amazon Redshift was the first cloud data warehouse. It uses defined schemas, columnar data storage, and massively parallel processing (MPP) architecture to provide a base for analytics reporting.
Getting data out of AppsFlyer
AppsFlyer exposes data through its Pull API, which developers can use to extract information. Each API call, which is made in the form of an https query, must contain the user’s external API Authorization Key, as well as from and to dates that specify the date range of the data requested.
Additional parameters can request information like media source, currency, and specific fields. The parameters must be added to the https query – for example:
Each successful API query returns a CSV file of data that you can use as an import source to your data warehouse. The query you use will determine what fields you receive.
Loading data into Redshift
Once you've identified the columns you want to insert, you can use the Redshift CREATE TABLE statement to set up a table to receive all of the data.
To populate that table, you might be tempted to use INSERT statements to add data to your Redshift table row by row. Don't do that; Redshift isn't optimized for inserting data one row at a time. If you have a high volume of data to be inserted, a better approach is to load the data into Amazon S3 and use the COPY command to migrate it into Redshift.
Keeping AppsFlyer data up to date
At this point you’ve coded up a script or written a program to get the data you want and successfully moved it into your data warehouse. But how will you load new or updated data? It's not a good idea to replicate all of your data each time you have updated records. That process would be painfully slow and resource-intensive.
Instead, identify key fields that your script can use to bookmark its progression through the data and use to pick up where it left off as it looks for updated data. Auto-incrementing fields such as updated_at or created_at work best for this. When you've built in this functionality, you can set up your script as a cron job or continuous loop to get new data as it appears in AppsFlyer.
And remember, as with any code, once you write it, you have to maintain it. If AppsFlyer modifies its API, or sends a field with a datatype your code doesn't recognize, you may have to modify the script. If your users want slightly different information, you definitely will have to.
Other data warehouse options
Redshift is great, but sometimes you need to optimize for different things when you're choosing a data warehouse. Some folks choose to go with Google BigQuery, PostgreSQL, Snowflake, or Microsoft Azure SQL Data Warehouse, which are RDBMSes that use similar SQL syntax, or Panoply, which works with Redshift instances. Others choose a data lake, like Amazon S3 or Delta Lake on Databricks. If you're interested in seeing the relevant steps for loading data into one of these platforms, check out To BigQuery, To Postgres, To Snowflake, To Panoply, To Azure Synapse Analytics, To S3, and To Delta Lake.
Easier and faster alternatives
If all this sounds a bit overwhelming, don’t be alarmed. If you have all the skills necessary to go through this process, chances are building and maintaining a script like this isn’t a very high-leverage use of your time.
Thankfully, products like Stitch were built to move data from AppsFlyer to Redshift automatically. With just a few clicks, Stitch starts extracting your AppsFlyer data, structuring it in a way that's optimized for analysis, and inserting that data into your Redshift data warehouse.